If there is a paradise for keen bird watchers, its here, its here, its here... with more than 1250 species of birds, India offers unbeatable variety of bird watching activities and boasts of over 920 residents. The country's bird life can be divided in 13 major regions - Trans Himalayan, Western Himalayas, Eastern Himalayas, Desert, Semi-arid, Gangetic plain, Central India, Deccan Plateau, Western Ghats, Eastern Ghats, North East, Coasts and the Andaman Nicobar Islands; with each having its peculiar birdlife. We take this opportunity to offer you an unforgettable experience of India's rich bird life.
DELHI / BHARATPUR / AGRA / DELHI
Amongst India's premier wildlife sanctuaries is the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, on the border between the states of Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. Formally known as the Keoladeo Ghana National Park, it's a marshy area, stretching over 29 sq km of kadam forests, grasslands and shallow lakes. Created by the Maharaja of Bharatpur in the 19th century by diverting water from an irrigation canal, Keoladeo was founded as a shooting preserve, but given the status of a bird sanctuary in 1956. Upgraded to a national park in 1982, the area today ranks as one of the best water bird preserves in the world- and it's a World Heritage Site.
Keoladeo Ghana, Bharatpur harbours some of India's richest bird life, including the gorgeous shocking-pink tinted painted stork, several species of cormorants, egrets, pelicans, ibises, cranes, ducks and geese. One can see over 350 species of birds, both native as well as migratory. Among the latter, the highly endangered Siberian Cranes, which come to nest in winter, are the rarest. Bharatpur is the Siberian Crane's only known wintering ground in India; at last count, only 2 cranes nested at the park, definitely a cause for worry.
In addition to the birds, Keoladeo is home to a wide range of mammal and reptile species, including deer, jackals, blackbuck, fishing cats, otters and blue bulls.
History (Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary)
Prince Bhamji of Morvi state in Gujarat converted this area into a world famous wildlife reserve. Duck shoots were organised in the area every year by the rulers of Bharatpur, in honour of Viceroy Lord Curzon and his party on 1st December, 1902. The exploits of all visiting dignitaries since 1902 have been engraved on stone plaques standing near the Keoladeo temple. Largest number of birds (4273) were killed on 12th November, 1938, by Lord Linlithgow, Viceroy & Governor General of India and his party. After independence, this reserve was notified as a bird sanctuary but the former rulers of Bharatpur continued to enjoy their shooting rights over the area till 1972. The area was notified as a National Park in 1981 but made effective only in Novemeber,1982.
Conservation efforts originally started by Dr. Salim Ali received a further impetus when the area was deemed a national park in March 1982. In 1985, Bharatpur was accepted as a World Heritage Site.
Bharatpur National Park (Population)
Keoladeo Ghana National Park or Bharatpur hosts a variety of bird species (Siberian crane etc) from across the globe. Close to 380 species of birds are found in this 29 sq km stretch, approximately 10 sq km of which comprises of marshes and bogs. Rest of the area comprises of scrublands, grasslands and more than 44,000 trees that are used for nesting by birds each year. This rather intriguing blend of marshes, woodland and flora found here represents and, at the same time, substantiates the density and diversity of the region. forest cover.
CLIMATE (Bharatpur National Park)
During summers (April. June), the average temperature at the national park vary between 38°C to 45°C. In During the monsoon the average temperatures are around 27°C where as during the Winter season the temperature at the park falls below 10°C.
The park is open throghout the year. Best months are August-November for resident breeding birds and November-March for migrant birds.
Please contact us for a customized program.